We are committed to influencing law and policy and helping to shape good law.

We work extensively responding to consultations and contributing to parliamentary bills, but over and above this, on an annual basis we identify areas of the law that have failed to meet the needs of our modern society or keep up with technological developments and initiate new proactive public policy projects to improve the legislation in the interests of all those who use and are affected by the law.

You can find out more about some of our proactive policy projects below.


Proactive public policy priority projects

Scottish administrative justice is going through a time of significant change. In addition to a large-scale transfer of tribunal jurisdictions from HM Courts and Tribunals Service to the Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service, a number of substantive aspects of social security policy are now being devolved. These changes offer opportunities to think strategically about the development of administrative justice in Scotland and to develop a distinctively Scottish approach. At a stage that a more principles-based approach is being taken in areas such as devolved social security, we are exploring the potential for core principles to help determine the ways in which disputes between individuals and the state are resolved, ensuring more effective decision-making, appeals processes and governance.

We have published a discussion paper, examining the landscape for administrative justice, and the case for a principles-based approach to be placed in legislation, including elements around public law, human rights and equalities. We are encouraging views from stakeholders, which can be provided by 31 October by email to policy@lawscot.org.uk or by completing our online survey by 12noon Monday 21 November.

We recognised that considerable work had been undertaken by stakeholders to identify areas of crofting law requiring reform and to progress reform of the law in relation to crofting in Scotland. Our Rural Affairs Sub-committee selected a limited number of matters relating to crofting law which were considered in detail as part of this project. The project focused on the legal aspects of these matters, rather than the underlying policy.

The project considered these matters with a view to suggesting specific improvements to the existing legislation. It focused on:

  • Croft succession – in particular, circumstances where there is no transfer of the tenant’s interest within two years of the date of death
  • The legal status and definition of owner-occupier crofter
  • Reviewing the statutory conditions of tenure
  • Definition of “crofting community”

Following a public consultation that ran from February to May 2020, we issued our full report into crofting law reform in October 2020 and called on the Scottish Government to take prompt action to effect legislative change. 

This work follows on from the Society’s report published in April 2019 which made a number of recommendations regarding the lack of appropriate understanding and measures for the vulnerable person accused of criminal offences which could among other issues ultimately lead to potential miscarriages of justice.  

Vulnerable people accused of a crime in Scotland need to be treated consistently and fairly. Building on that earlier work, the Criminal law Committee has set up a small working group including academics and practising solicitors. The remit of the group is to review the existing legislation and practices in Scotland in relation to the vulnerable accused person. The aim is to produce a further report by summer 2020 which by focusing attention on the vulnerable accused is  seeking to raise awareness of the issue and its extent and to promote discussion as to possible ways forward in relation to legislative and non-legislative measures. The Committee has been obtaining information from both the  defence and Crown perspectives, which highlight the issues that arise in cases involving vulnerable accused persons. This information  will identify the practices and concerns which will focus the report.

There has been a significant growth in the number of cohabitating couples and families in the UK in recent years. Within the period of 10 years to 2015, the number of cohabiting couple families in the UK grew by almost 30%.

The Family Law (Scotland) Act 2006 (the Act) contains a series of provisions concerning cohabitants – found principally in sections 25 - 29. Section 28 concerns financial provision where cohabitation ends otherwise than by death, and section 29 provides for a surviving cohabitant to make an application to a court following the death of their cohabitant, in intestate cases only.

Following a public consultation in November 2018, we have now issued our report on aspects of sections 28 and 29 of the Act. Our report details proposals to reform those aspects of the law, and we have called for a full review of the law on cohabitants in Scotland.

A woman in an orange jumper and a man in a stripey black and white jumper

Reform required to strengthen cohabitants’ rights

The laws on cohabitation in Scotland are problematic and disadvantageous to vulnerable and grieving people, according to a report by the Law Society of Scotland.

Crofting law reform: time to act

With legislation postponed, the Society’s Rural Affairs Committee undertook its own project on needed reforms to crofting law, and has published a set of proposals to put to the Scottish Government

Human rights must be at the core of proposals for law reform around advance choices and medical decision-making

Deficiencies in Scots law around advance choices, and medical decision-making in intensive care situations, put human rights in jeopardy, according to a Law Society of Scotland report.